• ISSN 1674-8301
  • CN 32-1810/R
Volume 25 Issue 1
Jan.  2011
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Article Contents
Jin Wu, Yongli Lin, Wenrong Xu, Zhongming Li, Weixin Fan. A mutation in the type II hair keratin KRT86 gene in a Han family with monilethrix[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2011, 25(1): 49-55. doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60006-7
Citation: Jin Wu, Yongli Lin, Wenrong Xu, Zhongming Li, Weixin Fan. A mutation in the type II hair keratin KRT86 gene in a Han family with monilethrix[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2011, 25(1): 49-55. doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60006-7

A mutation in the type II hair keratin KRT86 gene in a Han family with monilethrix

doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60006-7
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This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30771947) and Provincal Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu (No. BK2007248)

  • Received: 2010-11-02
  • Monilethrix, a congenital disease of hair, is usually associated with mutations in keratin genes, like KRT81, KRT83 and KRT86. We conducted this study to investigate the mutation of typeⅡ human basic hair keratin hHb/KRT gene in a Han family with monilethrix and obtain information for potential pathogenic mechanism study of monilethrix. Peripheral blood samples were drawn for genomic DNA detection. Exon 1 and exon 7 of the KRT81, KRT83 and KRT86 genes were amplified by PCR. All PCR products were sequenced directly using an ABI 310 DNA sequencer. These sequences were aligned with the standard sequences in GenBank using the BLAST soft-ware. PCR products were digested with restriction endonuclease and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was performed. In this study, we identified one novel mutation, which is a heterozygous tran-sitional mutation of G→A at position 1,289 in exon 7 of the KRT86 gene [R430Q (KRT86)]. RFLP assays for the novel mutation excluded the possibility of polymorphism. The R430Q mutation of the KRT86 gene may be pathogenic for monilethrix. Meanwhile, we did not find any novel mutation or recurrent mutation in exons 1 and 7 of KRT81 and KRT83 and exon 1 of KRT86. There is a potential pathogenic gene in the subjects and our results expand the spectrum of mutations in the hHb6 gene.

     

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