• ISSN 1674-8301
  • CN 32-1810/R
Volume 28 Issue 1
Jan.  2014
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Article Contents
Juming Li, Hong Zhao, Hao Xie, Lipeng Yu, Jifu Wei, Min Zong, Feng Chen, Ziqiang Zhu, Ning Zhang, Xiaojian Cao. A new free-hand pedicle screw placement technique with reference to the supraspinal ligament[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2014, 28(1): 64-70. doi: 10.7555/JBR.27.20130051
Citation: Juming Li, Hong Zhao, Hao Xie, Lipeng Yu, Jifu Wei, Min Zong, Feng Chen, Ziqiang Zhu, Ning Zhang, Xiaojian Cao. A new free-hand pedicle screw placement technique with reference to the supraspinal ligament[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2014, 28(1): 64-70. doi: 10.7555/JBR.27.20130051

A new free-hand pedicle screw placement technique with reference to the supraspinal ligament

doi: 10.7555/JBR.27.20130051
  • Received: 2013-04-16
  • Issue Date: 2014-01-27
  • We sought to compare the safety and accuracy of a new free-hand pedicle screw placement technique to that of the conventional technique. One hundred fifty-three consecutive adult patients with simple fracture in the tho-racic or/and lumbar spine were alternately assigned to either the new free-hand or the conventional group. In the new free-hand technique group, preoperative computerized tomography (CT) images were used to calculate the targeted medial-lateral angle of each pedicle trajectory and the pedicle screw was inserted perpendicular to the corresponding supraspinal ligament. In the conventional technique group, the medial-lateral and cranial-caudal angle of each pedicle trajectory was determined by intraoperatively under fluoroscopic guidance. The accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement, the time of intraoperative fluoroscopy, the operating time and the amount of blood loss during operation were respectively compared. All screws were analyzed by using intraoperative ra-diographs, intraoperative triggered electromyography (EMG) monitoring data, postoperative CT data and clinical outcomes. The accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement in the new free-hand technique group and the conven-tional technique group was 96.3% and 94.2% (P < 0.05), respectively. The intraoperative fluoroscopy time of the new technique group was less than that of the conventional technique group (5.37 seconds vs. 8.79 seconds, P < 0.05). However, there was no statistical difference in the operating time and the amount of blood loss during op-eration (P > 0.05). Pedicle screw placement with the free-hand technique which keeps the screw perpendicular to the supraspinal ligament is an accurate, reliable and safe technique to treat simple fracture in the thoracic or lum-bar spine.

     

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