Application of the back-error propagation artificial neural network (BPANN) on genetic variants in the PPAR-γ and RXR-α gene and risk of metabolic syndrome in a Chinese Han population
The study was supported by the National Natural Science Founda?tion of China Grant No. 30771858, Jiangsu Provincial Natural Science Foundation Grant No. BK2007229 and Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).
- Received Date: 2012-10-03
- Publish Date: 2014-03-28
- back-error propagation artificial neural network (BPANN) /
- metabolic syndrome /
- peroxisome prolif-erators activated receptor-γ (PPAR) gene /
- retinoid X receptor-α (RXR-α) gene /
Abstract: This study was aimed to explore the associations between the combined effects of several polymorphisms in the PPAR-γ and RXR-α gene and environmental factors with the risk of metabolic syndrome by back-error propaga?tion artificial neural network (BPANN). We established the model based on data gathered from metabolic syn-drome patients (n = 1012) and normal controls (n = 1069) by BPANN. Mean impact value (MIV) for each input variable was calculated and the sequence of factors was sorted according to their absolute MIVs. Generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) confirmed a joint effect of PPAR-γ and RXR-α based on the results from BPANN. By BPANN analysis, the sequences according to the importance of metabolic syndrome risk fac?tors were in the order of body mass index (BMI), serum adiponectin, rs4240711, gender, rs4842194, family his?tory of type 2 diabetes, rs2920502, physical activity, alcohol drinking, rs3856806, family history of hypertension, rs1045570, rs6537944, age, rs17817276, family history of hyperlipidemia, smoking, rs1801282 and rs3132291. However, no polymorphism was statistically significant in multiple logistic regression analysis. After controlling for environmental factors, A1, A2, B1 and B2 (rs4240711, rs4842194, rs2920502 and rs3856806) models were the best models (cross-validation consistency 10/10, P = 0.0107) with the GMDR method. In conclusion, the interac?tion of the PPAR-γ and RXR-α gene could play a role in susceptibility to metabolic syndrome. A more realistic model is obtained by using BPANN to screen out determinants of diseases of multiple etiologies like metabolic syndrome.
|Citation:||Xu Zhao, Kang Xu, Hui Shi, Jinluo Cheng, Jianhua Ma, Yanqin Gao, Qian Li, Xinhua Ye, Ying Lu, Xiaofang Yu, Juan Du, Wencong Du, Qing Ye, Ling Zhou. Application of the back-error propagation artificial neural network (BPANN) on genetic variants in the PPAR-γ and RXR-α gene and risk of metabolic syndrome in a Chinese Han population[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2014, 28(2): 114-122. doi: 10.7555/JBR.27.20120061|