• ISSN 1674-8301
  • CN 32-1810/R
Volume 25 Issue 1
Jan.  2011
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Article Contents
Xiaoju Luo, Jun Liu, Steven Y Cheng. The role of microRNAs during the genesis of medulloblastomas induced by the hedgehog pathway[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2011, 25(1): 42-48. doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60005-5
Citation: Xiaoju Luo, Jun Liu, Steven Y Cheng. The role of microRNAs during the genesis of medulloblastomas induced by the hedgehog pathway[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 2011, 25(1): 42-48. doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60005-5

The role of microRNAs during the genesis of medulloblastomas induced by the hedgehog pathway

doi: 10.1016/S1674-8301(11)60005-5
  • Received: 2010-07-30
  • Constitutive hedgehog (Hh) signaling is associated with the genesis of medulloblastomas (MB). The objective of this study is to identify special microRNAs (miRNAs) regulated by the Hh pathway, and to clarify the role of miRNAs during the genesis of MB induced by sustained Hh activation. In the primary screening, we used stem-loop RT-PCR to test the expression of 90 different miRNAs in the wildtype (WT) and Ptc-/- MEF cell lines. In the secondary screening, the miRNAs screened from the first screening were validated in the Sufu-/- MEF cell lines. We then verified the expression of miRNAs both in the normal cerebellar tissues and the MB induced by activated Hh pathway, and examined the expression of the other 21 miRNA members of the miR-154 cluster in the MB and normal cerebellum. In the first screening, 13 miRNAs showed significant differential expression in WT and Ptc-/- MEF cell lines, while 10 of them had significant difference in the Sufu-/- MEF cell line. Compared to the normal mouse cerebellum, only 2 miRNAs in 15 miRNAs were differentially expressed between the MB and normal cer-ebellar tissues. Among 21 members of the miR-154 cluster, 6 miRNAs were downregulated in the MB. Our study demonstrated that miR-154 may be regulated by the Hh pathway, and the activation of the Hh pathway led to the downregulation of the miR-154 cluster, resulting in the genesis of MB.

     

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